OBESITY TO THE LUNG - FORCE VITAL CAPASITY (FVC) RELATION AT THE STUDENTS OF SMA NEGERI 2 BANDAR LAMPUNG

Dicky Aditya Dwika, Khairunnisa Berawi, Susianti -, Muhartono -

Abstract


Abstract
Obesity or too-fat is an over relative human weight condition caused by accumulation of nutrition, especially
carbohydrate and fat. Based on WHO data in 2006, there was 1.6 billion adult people in the world was in
overweight condition and unless than 400 millions from that was in obesity condition. In Indonesia, based on Basic
Health Research (Riskesdas) data in 2007, national prevalence in general obesity at >15 years old inhabitants was
10.3% (13.9% male, 23.8% female). Obesity, especially central obesity (abdominal) is associated with many
metabolism disruption and illness. Besides that, obesity (especially morbid type) is also associated with many types
of human respiratory disruption. The aims of this research were to find if there’s “related” or “unrelated” condition
between obesity and Lung–Force Vital Capacity (FVC) at the studens of SMA N 2 Bandar Lampung. The research type
that used is analitic descriptive research with cross-sectional research program. Respondents are counted 92 male
and female students, data was analyzed univariate and bivariate using chi-square exam. The result of this research
showed that 6.52% respondents were in obese-BMI. The result of chi-square statistic exam shows p=0.076 (p<0.1)
which means that there was different value between respondents with obese- BMI and respondents with nonobese-
BMI.
Keywords: obesity, BMI, forced vital capacity (fvc)
Abstrak
Obesitas atau kegemukan adalah suatu keadaan yang melebihi dari berat badan relatif seseorang, sebagai
akibat penumpukan zat gizi terutama karbohidrat dan lemak. Menurut data WHO tahun 2006, terdapat
1,6 miliar orang dewasa di seluruh dunia mengalami berat badan berlebih (overweight), dan sekurangkurangnya
400 juta diantaranya mengalami obesitas. Di Indonesia, menurut data Riset Kesehatan Dasar
(Riskesdas) tahun 2007, prevalensi nasional obesitas umum pada penduduk berusia >15 tahun adalah
10,3% (laki-laki 13,9%, perempuan 23,8%). Obesitas, khususnya obesitas sentral (abdominal), berasosiasi
dengan sejumlah gangguan metabolisme dan penyakit. Selain itu, obesitas (khususnya tipe morbid) juga
berasosiasi dengan beberapa jenis gangguan pernapasan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk
mengetahui ada tidaknya hubungan antara obesitas terhadap kapasitas vital paksa (Force Vital
Capacity /FVC) paru pada siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA) Negeri 2 Bandar Lampung. Jenis
penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan rancangan penelitian cross sectional.
Jumlah responden sebanyak 92 orang siswa berjenis kelamin laki-laki dan perempuan, data dianalisis univariat dan
bivariat menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 6,52% responden memiliki BMI obese. Hasil uji
statistic chi-square diperoleh p=0,076 (p<0,1) yang artinya terdapat perbedaan nilai kapasitas vital paksa yang
bermakna antara responden dengan BMI obese dan responden dengan BMI non-obese.
Kata kunci: BMI, kapasitas vital paksa (forced vital capacity/fvc), obesitas

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.