Riska Tiarasari


Indonesia is the third contributor to cases of leprosy in the world. Many ways can be done to minimize the incidence of disability and prevent the increased severity of existing defects, like the early diagnosis and early management of diseases. And then the education to the patient about the various things that can cause disability. This study is descriptive. The primary data obtained through anamnesis (autoanamnesis and aloanamnesis of the family which is the patient's father), physical examinations and home visits, complete the family data, and the psychosocial environment. The assesment is based on early holistic diagnosis, the process and the end of quantitative and qualitative studies. Aspect of internal risk was obtained, the transmission source is patient’s friend who has the same disease and had been firstly diagnosed leprosy and had been together since childhood (a long and close contact).  In patient is found two cardinal sign which is the anesthetic skin lesions and thickening of peripheral nerves. Patient is diagnosed with multibacillary Hansen Morbus type, because the anesthetic patches or lesions of leprosy patients amounted to more than 5.  Interventions to patient to perform daily skin care, hand and foot protection and doing physiotherapy exercises as mentioned in the nonmedikamentosa management was done. Patient is expected to keep doing the interventions that have been given (maintenance and skin care, hand and foot protection as well as physiotherapy exercises) and routine control to the clinic. Patient's family is also expected to continue to provide support and care for patient.  It is expected that health centers can also educate patient and always detect and prevent new defects.


Keywords: Disability prevention, education, family care medicine, leprosy

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