HYPERTENSION GRADE II IN ELDERLY MEN WITH A FAMILY APPROACH

R.A. Siti Marhani

Abstract


Hypertension is known as the silent killer is a state of increased systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg and diastolic more than equal to 90 mmHg. According to the 2013 Basic Health Research reports the prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia amounted to 25.8%. This figure is quite high and if not treated will lead to death from heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure.. Mr. R, 82 years, BMI: 24.6 kg / m 2, BP 180/100 mmHg had a history of hypertension since 5 years ago. Other risk factors identified in the development of hypertension in patients who have advanced the age, history of smoking, poor lifestyle, and lack of patient activity. The clinical diagnosis of the patients according to the JNC 7 is a grade II hypertension. Then do the management of the patient and family education in the form of hypertension and hypertension treatment recommendation to perform on a regular basis, and do lifestyle modification program. Life style modification is essential for hypertension in the elderly. The older a person the greater the risk of developing arterial hypertension due to the loss of elasticity. For elderly patients, lifestyle modification should be controlled by the family. Therefore we need the strong support of the family.

Keywords: Hypertension, Elderly, Family Approach

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